Archive for category High Frequency Word List
verb [ intrans. ]
speak or act in an evasive way : he seemed to prevaricate when journalists asked pointed questions. See note at lie .
prevarication |priˌvariˈkā sh ən| |priˈvɛrəˈkeɪʃən| |prəˈvɛrəˈkeɪʃən| |-ˈkeɪʃ(ə)n| noun
prevaricator |-ˌkātər| |priˈvɛrəˈkeɪdər| |prəˈvɛrəˈkeɪdər| noun
ORIGIN mid 16th cent. (in the sense [go astray, transgress] ): from Latin praevaricat- ‘walked crookedly, deviated,’ from the verb praevaricari, from prae ‘before’ + varicari ‘straddle’ (from varus ‘bent, knock-kneed’ ).
deceitful and untrustworthy : a perfidious lover.
perfidiously |pərˈfɪdiəsli| adverb
ORIGIN late 16th cent.: from Latin perfidiosus, from perfidia ‘treachery.’
penchant |ˈpen ch ənt|
noun [usu. in sing. ]
a strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something : he has a penchant for adopting stray dogs.
ORIGIN late 17th cent.: from French, ‘leaning, inclining,’ present participle of the verb pencher.
extreme poverty; destitution : he died in a state of virtual penury.
ORIGIN late Middle English : from Latin penuria ‘need, scarcity’ ; perhaps related to paene ‘almost.’
quiescent |kwēˈesnt; kwī-|
in a state or period of inactivity or dormancy : strikes were headed by groups of workers who had previously been quiescent | quiescent ulcerative colitis. See note at latent .
quiescence |kwaɪˈɛsns| |kwiˈɛsns| noun
quiescently |ˈkwaɪˈɛsntli| |kwiˈɛsntli| adverb
ORIGIN mid 17th cent.: from Latin quiescent- ‘being still,’ from the verb quiescere, from quies ‘quiet.’
reverent |ˈrev(ə)rənt; ˈrevərnt|
feeling or showing deep and solemn respect : a reverent silence.
reverently |ˈrɛvərn=tli| |ˈrɛv(ə)rəntli| adverb
ORIGIN late Middle English : from Latin reverent- ‘revering,’ from the verb revereri (see revere ).
not revealing one’s thoughts or feelings readily : she was extremely reticent about her personal affairs.
reticence |ˈrɛdəsəns| noun
reticently |ˈrɛdəsəntli| adverb
ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: from Latin reticent- ‘remaining silent,’ from the verb reticere, from re- (expressing intensive force) + tacere ‘be silent.’
reproach |riˈprō ch |
verb [ trans. ]
address (someone) in such a way as to express disapproval or disappointment : critics of the administration reproached the president for his failure to tackle the deficiency | [with direct speech ] “You know that isn’t true,” he reproached her. See note at rebuke .
• ( reproach someone with) accuse someone of : his wife reproached him with cowardice.
• archaic censure or rebuke (an offense).
the expression of disapproval or disappointment : he gave her a look of reproach | a farrago of warnings and pained reproaches.
• ( a reproach to) a thing that makes the failings of someone or something else more apparent : his elegance is a living reproach to our slovenly habits.
• ( Reproaches) (in the Roman Catholic Church) a set of antiphons and responses for Good Friday representing the reproaches of Jesus Christ to his people.
above (or beyond) reproach such that no criticism can be made; perfect.
reproachable |rəˈproʊtʃəbəl| |riˈproʊtʃəbəl| adjective
reproacher |rəˈproʊtʃər| |riˈproʊtʃər| noun
reproachingly |rəˈproʊtʃɪŋli| |riˈproʊtʃɪŋli| adverb
ORIGIN Middle English : from Old French reprochier (verb), from a base meaning ‘bring back close,’ based on Latin prope ‘near.’
verb [ trans. ]
revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement) : the government eventually rescinded the directive.
rescindable |rəˈsɪndəbəl| |riˈsɪndəbəl| adjective
ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: from Latin rescindere, from re- (expressing intensive force) + scindere ‘to divide, split.’
1 stubborn or unmanageable : his refractory pony.
2 resistant to a process or stimulus : some granules are refractory to secretory stimuli.
• Medicine (of a person, illness, or diseased tissue) not yielding to treatment : healing of previously refractory ulcers.
• rare Medicine (of a person or animal) resistant to infection.
• technical (of a substance) resistant to heat; hard to melt or fuse.
noun ( pl. -ries) technical
a substance that is resistant to heat.
refractoriness |rəˈfrøkˈtɔrin1s| |riˈfrøkˈtɔrinəs| noun
ORIGIN early 17th cent.: alteration of obsolete refractary, from Latin refractarius ‘stubborn’ (see also refract ).